CodeIgniter Caching Driver

CodeIgniter Caching Driver

Example Usage

The following example will load the cache driver, specify APC as the driver to use, and fall back to file-based caching if APC is not available in the hosting environment.

$this->load->driver('cache', array('adapter' => 'apc', 'backup' => 'file'));

if ( ! $foo = $this->cache->get('foo'))
{
        echo 'Saving to the cache!<br />';
        $foo = 'foobarbaz!';

        // Save into the cache for 5 minutes
        $this->cache->save('foo', $foo, 300);
}

echo $foo;

You can also prefix cache item names via the key_prefix setting, which is useful to avoid collisions when you’re running multiple applications on the same environment.

$this->load->driver('cache',
        array('adapter' => 'apc', 'backup' => 'file', 'key_prefix' => 'my_')
);

$this->cache->get('foo'); // Will get the cache entry named 'my_foo'

Class Reference

classCI_Cache
is_supported($driver)
Parameters:
  • $driver (string) – the name of the caching driver
Returns:

TRUE if supported, FALSE if not

Return type:

bool

This method is automatically called when accessing drivers via $this->cache->get(). However, if the individual drivers are used, make sure to call this method to ensure the driver is supported in the hosting environment.

if ($this->cache->apc->is_supported())
{
        if ($data = $this->cache->apc->get('my_cache'))
        {
                // do things.
        }
}
get($id)
Parameters:
  • $id (string) – Cache item name
Returns:

Item value or FALSE if not found

Return type:

mixed

This method will attempt to fetch an item from the cache store. If the item does not exist, the method will return FALSE.

$foo = $this->cache->get('my_cached_item');
save($id, $data[, $ttl = 60[, $raw = FALSE]])
Parameters:
  • $id (string) – Cache item name
  • $data (mixed) – the data to save
  • $ttl (int) – Time To Live, in seconds (default 60)
  • $raw (bool) – Whether to store the raw value
Returns:

TRUE on success, FALSE on failure

Return type:

string

This method will save an item to the cache store. If saving fails, the method will return FALSE.

$this->cache->save('cache_item_id', 'data_to_cache');

Note

The $raw parameter is only utilized by APC and Memcache, in order to allow usage of increment() and decrement().

delete($id)
Parameters:
  • $id (string) – name of cached item
Returns:

TRUE on success, FALSE on failure

Return type:

bool

This method will delete a specific item from the cache store. If item deletion fails, the method will return FALSE.

$this->cache->delete('cache_item_id');
increment($id[, $offset = 1])
Parameters:
  • $id (string) – Cache ID
  • $offset (int) – Step/value to add
Returns:

New value on success, FALSE on failure

Return type:

mixed

Performs atomic incrementation of a raw stored value.

// 'iterator' has a value of 2

$this->cache->increment('iterator'); // 'iterator' is now 3

$this->cache->increment('iterator', 3); // 'iterator' is now 6
decrement($id[, $offset = 1])
Parameters:
  • $id (string) – Cache ID
  • $offset (int) – Step/value to reduce by
Returns:

New value on success, FALSE on failure

Return type:

mixed

Performs atomic decrementation of a raw stored value.

// 'iterator' has a value of 6

$this->cache->decrement('iterator'); // 'iterator' is now 5

$this->cache->decrement('iterator', 2); // 'iterator' is now 3
clean()
Returns: TRUE on success, FALSE on failure
Return type: bool

This method will ‘clean’ the entire cache. If the deletion of the cache files fails, the method will return FALSE.

$this->cache->clean();
cache_info()
Returns: Information on the entire cache database
Return type: mixed

This method will return information on the entire cache.

var_dump($this->cache->cache_info());

Note

The information returned and the structure of the data is dependent on which adapter is being used.

get_metadata($id)
Parameters:
  • $id (string) – Cache item name
Returns:

Metadata for the cached item

Return type:

mixed

This method will return detailed information on a specific item in the cache.

var_dump($this->cache->get_metadata('my_cached_item'));

Note

The information returned and the structure of the data is dependent on which adapter is being used.

Drivers

Alternative PHP Cache (APC) Caching

All of the methods listed above can be accessed without passing a specific adapter to the driver loader as follows:

$this->load->driver('cache');
$this->cache->apc->save('foo', 'bar', 10);

For more information on APC, please see http://php.net/apc.

File-based Caching

Unlike caching from the Output Class, the driver file-based caching allows for pieces of view files to be cached. Use this with care, and make sure to benchmark your application, as a point can come where disk I/O will negate positive gains by caching.

All of the methods listed above can be accessed without passing a specific adapter to the driver loader as follows:

$this->load->driver('cache');
$this->cache->file->save('foo', 'bar', 10);

Memcached Caching

Multiple Memcached servers can be specified in the memcached.php configuration file, located in the _application/config/* directory.

All of the methods listed above can be accessed without passing a specific adapter to the driver loader as follows:

$this->load->driver('cache');
$this->cache->memcached->save('foo', 'bar', 10);

For more information on Memcached, please see http://php.net/memcached.

WinCache Caching

Under Windows, you can also utilize the WinCache driver.

All of the methods listed above can be accessed without passing a specific adapter to the driver loader as follows:

$this->load->driver('cache');
$this->cache->wincache->save('foo', 'bar', 10);

For more information on WinCache, please see http://php.net/wincache.

Redis Caching

Redis is an in-memory key-value store which can operate in LRU cache mode.

Config options to connect to redis server must be stored in the application/config/redis.php file. Available options are:

$config['socket_type'] = 'tcp'; //`tcp` or `unix`
$config['socket'] = '/var/run/redis.sock'; // in case of `unix` socket type
$config['host'] = '127.0.0.1';
$config['password'] = NULL;
$config['port'] = 6379;
$config['timeout'] = 0;

All of the methods listed above can be accessed without passing a specific adapter to the driver loader as follows:

$this->load->driver('cache');
$this->cache->redis->save('foo', 'bar', 10);

For more information on Redis, please see http://redis.io.

Dummy Cache

This is a caching backend that will always ‘miss.’ It stores no data, but lets you keep your caching code in place in environments that don’t support your chosen cache.

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