CodeIgniter – Encrypt Class

CodeIgniter – Encrypt Class

Using the Encrypt Library

Setting your Key

A key is a piece of information that controls the cryptographic process and permits an encrypted string to be decoded. In fact, the key you chose will provide the only means to decode data that was encrypted with that key, so not only must you choose the key carefully, you must never change it if you intend use it for persistent data.

It goes without saying that you should guard your key carefully. Should someone gain access to your key, the data will be easily decoded. If your server is not totally under your control it’s impossible to ensure key security so you may want to think carefully before using it for anything that requires high security, like storing credit card numbers.

To take maximum advantage of the encryption algorithm, your key should be 32 characters in length (256 bits). The key should be as random a string as you can concoct, with numbers and uppercase and lowercase letters. Your key should not be a simple text string. In order to be cryptographically secure it needs to be as random as possible.

Your key can be either stored in your application/config/config.php, or you can design your own storage mechanism and pass the key dynamically when encoding/decoding.

To save your key to your application/config/config.php, open the file and set:

$config['encryption_key'] = "YOUR KEY";

Message Length

It’s important for you to know that the encoded messages the encryption function generates will be approximately 2.6 times longer than the original message. For example, if you encrypt the string “my super secret data”, which is 21 characters in length, you’ll end up with an encoded string that is roughly 55 characters (we say “roughly” because the encoded string length increments in 64 bit clusters, so it’s not exactly linear). Keep this information in mind when selecting your data storage mechanism. Cookies, for example, can only hold 4K of information.

Initializing the Class

Like most other classes in CodeIgniter, the Encrypt class is initialized in your controller using the $this->load->library() method:

$this->load->library('encrypt');

Once loaded, the Encrypt library object will be available using:

$this->encrypt

Class Reference

classCI_Encrypt
encode($string[, $key = ''])
Parameters:
  • $string (string) – Data to encrypt
  • $key (string) – Encryption key
Returns:

Encrypted string

Return type:

string

Performs the data encryption and returns it as a string. Example:

$msg = 'My secret message';

$encrypted_string = $this->encrypt->encode($msg);

You can optionally pass your encryption key via the second parameter if you don’t want to use the one in your config file:

$msg = 'My secret message';
$key = 'super-secret-key';

$encrypted_string = $this->encrypt->encode($msg, $key);
decode($string[, $key = ''])
Parameters:
  • $string (string) – String to decrypt
  • $key (string) – Encryption key
Returns:

Plain-text string

Return type:

string

Decrypts an encoded string. Example:

$encrypted_string = 'APANtByIGI1BpVXZTJgcsAG8GZl8pdwwa84';

$plaintext_string = $this->encrypt->decode($encrypted_string);

You can optionally pass your encryption key via the second parameter if you don’t want to use the one in your config file:

$msg = 'My secret message';
$key = 'super-secret-key';

$encrypted_string = $this->encrypt->decode($msg, $key);
set_cipher($cipher)
Parameters:
  • $cipher (int) – Valid PHP MCrypt cypher constant
Returns:

CI_Encrypt instance (method chaining)

Return type:

CI_Encrypt

Permits you to set an Mcrypt cipher. By default it uses MCRYPT_RIJNDAEL_256. Example:

$this->encrypt->set_cipher(MCRYPT_BLOWFISH);

Please visit php.net for a list of available ciphers.

If you’d like to manually test whether your server supports MCrypt you can use:

echo extension_loaded('mcrypt') ? 'Yup' : 'Nope';
set_mode($mode)
Parameters:
  • $mode (int) – Valid PHP MCrypt mode constant
Returns:

CI_Encrypt instance (method chaining)

Return type:

CI_Encrypt

Permits you to set an Mcrypt mode. By default it uses MCRYPT_MODE_CBC. Example:

$this->encrypt->set_mode(MCRYPT_MODE_CFB);

Please visit php.net for a list of available modes.

encode_from_legacy($string[, $legacy_mode = MCRYPT_MODE_ECB[, $key = '']])
Parameters:
  • $string (string) – String to encrypt
  • $legacy_mode (int) – Valid PHP MCrypt cipher constant
  • $key (string) – Encryption key
Returns:

Newly encrypted string

Return type:

string

Enables you to re-encode data that was originally encrypted with CodeIgniter 1.x to be compatible with the Encrypt library in CodeIgniter 2.x. It is only necessary to use this method if you have encrypted data stored permanently such as in a file or database and are on a server that supports Mcrypt. “Light” use encryption such as encrypted session data or transitory encrypted flashdata require no intervention on your part. However, existing encrypted Sessions will be destroyed since data encrypted prior to 2.x will not be decoded.

Important

Why only a method to re-encode the data instead of maintaining legacy methods for both encoding and decoding? The algorithms in the Encrypt library have improved in CodeIgniter 2.x both for performance and security, and we do not wish to encourage continued use of the older methods. You can of course extend the Encryption library if you wish and replace the new methods with the old and retain seamless compatibility with CodeIgniter 1.x encrypted data, but this a decision that a developer should make cautiously and deliberately, if at all.

$new_data = $this->encrypt->encode_from_legacy($old_encrypted_string);
Parameter Default Description
$orig_data n/a The original encrypted data from CodeIgniter 1.x’s Encryption library
$legacy_mode MCRYPT_MODE_ECB The Mcrypt mode that was used to generate the original encrypted data. CodeIgniter 1.x’s default was MCRYPT_MODE_ECB, and it will assume that to be the case unless overridden by this parameter.
$key n/a The encryption key. This it typically specified in your config file as outlined above.

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