CodeIgniter – File Helper

CodeIgniter – File Helper

Loading this Helper

This helper is loaded using the following code:

$this->load->helper('file');

Available Functions

The following functions are available:

read_file($file)
Parameters:
  • $file (string) – File path
Returns:

File contents or FALSE on failure

Return type:

string

Returns the data contained in the file specified in the path.

Example:

$string = read_file('./path/to/file.php');

The path can be a relative or full server path. Returns FALSE (boolean) on failure.

Note

The path is relative to your main site index.php file, NOT your controller or view files. CodeIgniter uses a front controller so paths are always relative to the main site index.

Note

This function is DEPRECATED. Use the native file_get_contents() instead.

Important

If your server is running an open_basedir restriction this function might not work if you are trying to access a file above the calling script.

write_file($path, $data[, $mode = ‘wb’])
Parameters:
  • $path (string) – File path
  • $data (string) – Data to write to file
  • $mode (string) – fopen() mode
Returns:

TRUE if the write was successful, FALSE in case of an error

Return type:

bool

Writes data to the file specified in the path. If the file does not exist then the function will create it.

Example:

$data = 'Some file data';
if ( ! write_file('./path/to/file.php', $data))
{
        echo 'Unable to write the file';
}
else
{
        echo 'File written!';
}

You can optionally set the write mode via the third parameter:

write_file('./path/to/file.php', $data, 'r+');

The default mode is ‘wb’. Please see the PHP user guide for mode options.

Note

The path is relative to your main site index.php file, NOT your controller or view files. CodeIgniter uses a front controller so paths are always relative to the main site index.

Note

This function acquires an exclusive lock on the file while writing to it.

delete_files($path[, $del_dir = FALSE[, $htdocs = FALSE]])
Parameters:
  • $path (string) – Directory path
  • $del_dir (bool) – Whether to also delete directories
  • $htdocs (bool) – Whether to skip deleting .htaccess and index page files
Returns:

TRUE on success, FALSE in case of an error

Return type:

bool

Deletes ALL files contained in the supplied path.

Example:

delete_files('./path/to/directory/');

If the second parameter is set to TRUE, any directories contained within the supplied root path will be deleted as well.

Example:

delete_files('./path/to/directory/', TRUE);

Note

The files must be writable or owned by the system in order to be deleted.

get_filenames($source_dir[, $include_path = FALSE])
Parameters:
  • $source_dir (string) – Directory path
  • $include_path (bool) – Whether to include the path as part of the filenames
Returns:

An array of file names

Return type:

array

Takes a server path as input and returns an array containing the names of all files contained within it. The file path can optionally be added to the file names by setting the second parameter to TRUE.

Example:

$controllers = get_filenames(APPPATH.'controllers/');
get_dir_file_info($source_dir, $top_level_only)
Parameters:
  • $source_dir (string) – Directory path
  • $top_level_only (bool) – Whether to look only at the specified directory (excluding sub-directories)
Returns:

An array containing info on the supplied directory’s contents

Return type:

array

Reads the specified directory and builds an array containing the filenames, filesize, dates, and permissions. Sub-folders contained within the specified path are only read if forced by sending the second parameter to FALSE, as this can be an intensive operation.

Example:

$models_info = get_dir_file_info(APPPATH.'models/');
get_file_info($file[, $returned_values = array(‘name’, ‘server_path’, ‘size’, ‘date’)])
Parameters:
  • $file (string) – File path
  • $returned_values (array) – What type of info to return
Returns:

An array containing info on the specified file or FALSE on failure

Return type:

array

Given a file and path, returns (optionally) the name, path, size and date modified information attributes for a file. Second parameter allows you to explicitly declare what information you want returned.

Valid $returned_values options are: name, size, date, readable, writeable, executable and fileperms.

get_mime_by_extension($filename)
Parameters:
  • $filename (string) – File name
Returns:

MIME type string or FALSE on failure

Return type:

string

Translates a filename extension into a MIME type based on config/mimes.php. Returns FALSE if it can’t determine the type, or read the MIME config file.

$file = 'somefile.png';
echo $file.' is has a mime type of '.get_mime_by_extension($file);

Note

This is not an accurate way of determining file MIME types, and is here strictly for convenience. It should not be used for security purposes.

symbolic_permissions($perms)
Parameters:
  • $perms (int) – Permissions
Returns:

Symbolic permissions string

Return type:

string

Takes numeric permissions (such as is returned by fileperms()) and returns standard symbolic notation of file permissions.

echo symbolic_permissions(fileperms('./index.php'));  // -rw-r--r--
octal_permissions($perms)
Parameters:
  • $perms (int) – Permissions
Returns:

Octal permissions string

Return type:

string

Takes numeric permissions (such as is returned by fileperms()) and returns a three character octal notation of file permissions.

echo octal_permissions(fileperms('./index.php')); // 644

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