CodeIgniter – Session Management

CodeIgniter – Session Management

When building websites, we often need to track user’s activity and state and for this purpose, we have to use session. CodeIgniter has session class for this purpose.

Initializing a Session

Sessions data are available globally through the site but to use those data we first need to initialize the session. We can do that by executing the following line in constructor.

$this->load->library('session');

After loading the session library, you can simply use the session object as shown below.

$this->session

Add Session Data

In PHP, we simply use $_SESSION array to set any data in session as shown below.

$_SESSION[‘key’] = value;

Where ‘key’ is the key of array and value is assigned on right side of equal to sign.

The same thing can be done in CodeIgniter as shown below.

$this->session->set_userdata('some_name', 'some_value');

set_userdata() function takes two arguments. The first argument,some_name, is the name of the session variable, under which, some_valuewill be stored.

set_userdata() function also supports another syntax in which you can pass array to store values as shown below.

$newdata = array( 
   'username'  => 'johndoe', 
   'email'     => 'johndoe@some-site.com', 
   'logged_in' => TRUE
);  

$this->session->set_userdata($newdata);

Remove Session Data

In PHP, we can remove data stored in session using the unset() function as shown below.

unset($_SESSION[‘some_name’]);

Removing session data in CodeIgniter is very simple as shown below. The below version of unset_userdata() function will remove only one variable from session.

$this->session->unset_userdata('some_name');

If you want to remove more values from session or to remove an entire array you can use the below version of unset_userdata() function.

$this->session->unset_userdata($array_items);

Fetch Session Data

After setting data in session, we can also retrieve that data as shown below.Userdata() function will be used for this purpose. This function will returnNULL if the data you are trying to access is not available.

$name = $this->session->userdata('name');

Example

Create a controller class called Session_controller.php and save it inapplication/controller/Session_controller.php.

<?php 
   class Session_controller extends CI_Controller {
	
      public function index() { 
         //loading session library 
         $this->load->library('session');
			
         //adding data to session 
         $this->session->set_userdata('name','virat');
			
         $this->load->view('session_view'); 
      } 
		
      public function unset_session_data() { 
         //loading session library
         $this->load->library('session');
			
         //removing session data 
         $this->session->unset_userdata('name'); 
         $this->load->view('session_view'); 
      } 
		
   } 
?>

Create a view file called session_view.php and save it inapplication/views/session_view.php

<!DOCTYPE html> 
<html lang = "en">
 
   <head> 
      <meta charset = "utf-8"> 
      <title>CodeIgniter Session Example</title> 
   </head>
	
   <body> 
      Welcome <?php echo $this->session->userdata('name'); ?> 
      <br> 
      <a href = 'http://localhost:85/CodeIgniter-3.0.1/CodeIgniter3.0.1/index.php/sessionex/unset'>
         Click Here</a> to unset session data. 
   </body>
	
</html>

Make the changes in the routes.php file in application/config/routes.phpand add the following line at the end of the file.

$route['sessionex'] = 'Session_Controller';

Execute the above example by using the following address. Replace yoursite.com with the URL of your site.

http://yoursite.com/index.php/sessionex

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